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Escrima – Filipino martial art

Filipino Eskrima Martial Arts – History, styles, techniques and equipment involved

There are about 200 known types Martial Arts On Earth. Some of them, such as BJJ, karate and Muay Thai, are well known and used by countless practitioners. However, many of them are underestimated. Either because their use is limited to a specific area, or they do not have much use.

Skrima belongs to the previous category. It is an effective martial art that uses open arms and techniques.

So what is Skrima? Here’s a summary of what you need to know about this fun martial art!

History of Skrima

Skrima originates from the Philippines and is the country’s national martial art. Also known as Arnis and Kali, the first forms of this art date back to 3000 years ago. When the Spaniards invaded the Philippines, Eskrima was attacked by the Filipinos as a tool of resistance. The Spaniards banned its use, but the art was still practiced in secret.

When the Americans occupied the Philippines, they allowed Skrima again. This was useful in World War II when its practitioners (or Skrimadors) fought alongside the Allies. Skrima was highly respected because the Japanese could not conquer the country because of it. But despite its effectiveness, the Philippines does not promote it much, and its mysterious nature remains.

Still, with the advent MMA, Escrima can be found teaching all over the world and Remy Amador Persas The founder of the modern version of the sport is considered.

Skrima equipment

Unlike most other combat systems, the Scrimadors use a handful of equipment. You will find most weapons such as canes, which can be single or double. Baston is essentially a wood and Skrima uses different types of it. Other weapons include knives, daggers, nuns, and sticks. Fabric is also used, which includes sarong, handkerchief and bandana.

In a real fight, a Skrimador may use a number of hand-made weapons, if the above weapons are not available. For safety, traditional systems use shields. But in Escrima schools, gyms and modern competitions, much more protective equipment can be found. The sticks and vests are covered with foam, and there are also accessories for the head and groin. This is because most body parts are legal to attack in this sport.

Skrima style and technique

Skrima styling

There are dozens of different Escrima systems available today. They are differentiated by regions because the ones done in the Philippines are more traditional. There are also a large number of Filipino-American systems, some of which focus only on a specific set of weapons, such as knives. The common theme of all these different systems is fighter training for fencing.

Once this is done and the trainee is at the senior level, hand-to-hand combat techniques are taught. The racing system does not allow punching and kicking. It also does not allow any trapping or throwing. Skrima has become much safer over time as its governing bodies (mainly ARPI) try to get it into the Olympics.

Escrima is known for being suitable for everyone. Even short distance competitors can excel in this sport. This art is also popular because of its compatibility with a variety of fighting styles. That ‘s why so many MMA fighters They like to practice Escrima because it can complement their existing disciplines, such as UFC Straw Weightlifter Rose Namajonas.

Skrimma techniques

Escrima can be very useful in self-defense in street fights and you can use any object, even if wood is not available. Basic training for this sport includes dozens of attack and defense angles. Each angle is dedicated to attacking a specific target or part of the opponent’s body. This is done through a kind of wood and the focus is on fast images and foot movement.

Escrima mainly has the following techniques:

  • Solo and Double Baston– These require knowledge of using single and double wood, respectively

  • Kalis Illustrative– Uses these blades and all their attacks

  • Spada and Daga– In this method, weapons such as swords, sticks and daggers are used

  • Mano and Mano– This involves hand-to-hand combat and is trained as a fighter ages

  • بارو– This art is limited to defending against knife attacks.

Drills teach trainees speed and rhythm. For strength, one must master the use of body twists. The defensive side can be very difficult due to the speed and nature of each blow ahead. Despite the aesthetic nature of the art displayed in the films, the fighters tend to avoid unnecessary movements that could seriously injure them.

See this strict person who teaches Skrima

The governing bodies of Skrima

Skrima competitions usually follow one of two types of rules set by the two main governing bodies of sport. These two organizations are:


This is the World Skrima Federation Kali Arnis and has its own rules. It does not allow hitting under the thighs of competitors and the neck and groin are also prohibited. Fighters compete in protective uniforms while competing for up to ten points. These are for offensive techniques, but a fighter cannot repeat the same blow twice in 4 seconds.

There are three one-minute rounds in each round, and there is a thirty-second break between each round. This system is internationally recognized, but it is also considered quite extreme.


This is the Arnis Philippines system that equips fighters with more intensity. But there is no limit to the competitors’ goal, other than behind. It also works on the basis of points awarded based on hitting and disarming the opponent.

This type of skrima is an alternative to the extreme nature of the WEKAF system and is the local system used in the Philippines.

Skrima rating system

The ranking system in Skrima is similar to other martial arts. There are belts that show superior skills and these belts are distributed by promotion committees. Beginners get the white belt and rank based on their skills and experience.

The black belt is given to those who are skilled in this work, and there are ten degrees of the black belt, the last of which is reserved for great masters.

Important events in Escrima

Skrima has a number of outstanding events and competitions around the world. Domestically, the ARPI national competition is held to select members of the Philippine Eskimo team, and WEKAF holds the World Championships every year.

Winning a medal in one of these competitions is the greatest achievement of this sport.

Famous Skrimma practitioners

Several prominent people have practiced Skrimma art, but none are as well known as Skrima art. Bruce Lee. In his classic film “Enter the Dragon”, Lee uses the above Baston double technique. His mentor was Daniel Arca Inosanto, a legend who had students such as movie legend Chuck Norris and MMA legend. Anderson Silva.

Denzel Washington is another actor who knows Skrima and has shown his skills in “Equalizer”. The art has also been featured in films such as Quantum of Peace and Mission Impossible III. Famous professional and martial arts wrestler Steve Blackman also dominates Skrima, and other characters include, but are not limited to, Lucy Liu and Forrest Whitaker.

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