Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa at 5895 meters above sea level. It has three volcanic cones – Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira – and a dormant stratovolcano in northeastern Tanzania. Mount Kilimanjaro is also the highest independent mountain and the fourth largest mountain in the world, with an impressive height of 5,882 meters / 19,298 feet from the base.
The etymology of the word “Kilimanjaro” is unclear. Many consider it a combination of the Swahili word “Kilima” (mountain) and the Kichagga word “Njaro” (white), hence the name White Mountain. Others think that this is the result of the word “Njaro” in Chagga / Kichagga (us), and it follows from this – Kilimanjaro = our mountain. This is one of the Chaga people who used to live at the foot of the mountain. Mountain. The name “Kibo” in Kichagga means “spotted” and refers to rocks found in snowy areas. The Swahili word “Uhuru” means “freedom”, a name given to celebrate Tanzania’s independence from Great Britain in 1961.
Moving towards geology, this mountain is the fourth highest mountain of seven peaks. Uhuru Peak reaches an incredible altitude of 5,895 meters AMSL (above sea level). The mountain is composed of three different volcanic cones, as follows: Kibo – 5895 m / 19,341 ft; Mawenzi – 5,149 meters / 16,893 feet and Shira – 3,962 meters / 13,000 feet. Uhuru is the highest peak on the edge of the Kibo estuary. Although silent, the mountain has vapors that emit gas at the mouth of the main Kibo peak. Geologists and scientists conducted a study in 2003 that found that motel magma is only 400 meters at 1,310 feet below the crater. In the last century, many collapses and landslides occurred in Kibo, one of which created an area known as the Western Escape.
Because it is a celestial island, Kilimanjaro has a unique vegetation such as water that keeps cabbage in the Tasuk pastures, as well as other plants like these that are adapted to living in mountainous conditions. Kilimanjaro has a wide variety of forests in the altitude range of 3000 meters / 9843 feet, which includes more than 1200 species of vascular plants. Montane Ocotea forests occur on the humid southern slopes. Erica’s underwater forests at an altitude of 4,100 meters / 13,451 feet represent the tallest cloud forests in all of Africa.
However, the degree of endemism is very low despite biodiversity. Forest artifacts in the deepest valleys of the underground cultivation area show that a very rich forest flora once lived on Mount Kilimanjaro, with limited species, otherwise known only from the Eastern Arc Mountains. This very low level of endemism in the mountains may be a direct result of the destruction of low-lying forests rather than the relatively young age of the mountains. These forests do not have a bamboo area compared to other high mountains in East Africa with similar rainfall.
As you can see, Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the most interesting places on the planet, and just by visiting it and trying to climb the peak, you will find the whole story behind this magnificent place that attracts more tourists each year. win.