For many people, climbing Mount Everest or Everest Main Camp is on the “Things to Do Before You Die” list, just like walking along the Great Wall of China for others.
However, if you are planning to book a trip to climb Everest, which is the most famous and highest mountain in the world, or Everest base camp, take a look at the following 10 fascinating facts about Everest.
The first people to climb Mount Everest were New Zealand mountaineer and explorer Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgi.
They both reached Mount Everest on May 29, 1953, and had been climbing for just over seven weeks.
The last year that no one climbed Mount Everest was in 1974. Every year since then, there have been climbers from all over the world who have successfully reached the top of the mountain.
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world with an approximate height of 8848 meters.
The second highest altitude is K2 (8,611 meters), the third is Kangchenjunga (8586 meters), the fourth is Lhotse (8516 meters) and the fifth highest mountain in the world is Makalu (8485 meters).
The oldest person to reach Mount Everest was Yuichiro Miura at the age of 80. The Japanese climber successfully climbed Mount Everest in 2013 and also successfully climbed 4,200 vertical feet.
But the youngest person was 13-year-old Jordan Romero, who climbed Everest in May 2010, also known as the “Mother of the World”.
The previous record was held by Ming Kipa from Nepal, who reached the top at the age of 15.
Scientists and geologists believe that Everest gets 4 millimeters taller each year because two contrasting tectonic plates cause it to rise slowly.
Everest was mapped by Google in 2011. The peak could not be mapped, but a team walked more than 70 miles to Camp Everest while taking pictures for Google Maps.
The British donkey climber and explorer was the first man to fly a powerful paraglider over the summit of the world while climbing Everest in 2007. He was also the youngest British climber to reach Mount Everest in 1998.
There are two main routes to Mount Everest: the southeastern ridge of Nepal and the northern ridge, which starts in Tibet.
The most dangerous area of the mountain is called the Khumbu Ice Fall.