The third principle of Leave No Trace is the proper disposal of waste. When discussing LNT, most people immediately dispose of human waste when talking about it. But this is not the only thing that is talked about proper waste disposal.

First, it is important to have a plan for collecting garbage and rubbish. Sometimes there is rubbish that is difficult to pack, imagine it is gray water or toothpaste, but there are ways to deal with it …

Gray water

This is what happens when you wash your dishes in the back country. Almost all of the food waste is left in your pots and pans. Thus, there are several ways to deal with this problem.

drink it The most intense LNT practitioners will drink their gray water. If you can do it quietly, you are a better person than me.

Smooth it out The most common method is to strain your water to remove all food particles. After cleaning the dishes, you can easily pack them.

Scatter– While squeezing or drinking water is preferred, there are areas where it is recommended to disperse your container water in pebbles on the road. These are usually local camps.


Most people do not like to swallow toothpaste, although this is an option for this type of waste. Another option is to “raspberry” it. In other words, spit in your mouth with your mouth closed and let the toothpaste disperse and stain the floor.

Human waste

So what about human waste disposal?

As we all know, human waste comes in two main forms: urine and feces. However, it sometimes appears in other forms as well. This may include sanitary pads, condoms and vomit.

In a forested area, urine can usually be released anywhere. In the mountains, however, one should try to urinate on rocks away from the fragile heat. Mountain goats are like salt in human urine and tear the earth to reach it.

Climbers should avoid urinating on multi-stage ascents. It is best to urinate on a rock to break down the urine. When a person cracks in the crack, it often does not break down and stinks everything.

There are several ways to deal with solid human waste. Two commonly accepted techniques are digging or wrapping a catholic.

کاتول ها

Catol is the most common method of disposing of human waste in the latter country. The idea is simple, you make a hole and bury your feces. Lock your toilet paper in the zipper when you’re done.

The following is a brief description of the Turkish Center Catholics with no effect on outdoor ethics:

Catholics are the most common method of waste disposal. Monitor at least twelve feet (about 70 adult steps) of water, trails, and camps. Choose a site where others are unlikely to walk or camp. Dig a hole 6-8 inches deep and 4-6 inches in diameter with a small garden trowel. When finished, the cathode should be covered and covered with natural materials. If you have been camping in the area for more than one night, or if you have camped with a large group, the catholic sites should be widely dispersed.

Garbage bags

These are commercial bags used to transport human waste. Common brands include WAG Bag, Rest Stop and Biffy Bag. The idea is simple.

You drop the bag …

Most garbage bags have toilet paper, wipes and a dual bag system.

In heavily used areas that are difficult to dig, garbage bags are the best option for disposing of human waste. These bags are also commonly used in alpine and winter environments. Finally, they can be used to dispose of other human waste such as tampons and condoms. These types of items should always be packed, no matter how backward …

Other techniques and ideas

There is no doubt that garbage bags and garbage bags are the most used and are probably the best option for defecation. But there are a few other techniques that may be used in less popular areas.

When I think of these techniques, I think of very vague mountains or large traverses that are unusual and take a very long time (more than four days) to carry all the garbage. If any of these techniques were used in popular areas, it would have an immediate impact on visitor experiences and water quality. And it probably makes it an unpleasant place to visit.

Smear technique Using this technique, the feces are thinly impregnated on a rock in the sun. The idea is that the waste dries up and disappears. But to work, the garbage must be spread out so thin that it is no thicker than the side of the coin.

The smear technique is used too much. It is usually used in areas with a very large user group to decompose feces before being exposed to others. And sometimes people use this technique in shady areas where the waste never decomposes.

Boating – In this technique, garbage is thrown into the gap. Obviously, this eventually opens the way to the catchment under the glacier. In glaciers, this is not so important. But if you see others on the glacier or following a pack of boots, the glacier is probably not far enough away to use this technique.

Stool bird – This one is very simple, you defecate on a rock and throw it off a cliff or moraine, the idea is that you spray and spread everywhere to break down quickly. Needless to say, this is for very remote places.

Burning toilet paper Some people like to burn their toilet paper and bury it in a stove or let the ashes scatter. This method is not recommended because toilet paper never really burns completely and also poses a risk of forest fires. However, if you strongly disagree with carrying your toilet paper, this is probably a better option than quitting. If you are using this technique, please make sure that the toilet paper is completely gone and no gray or shiny patches are left.

And finally, I mentioned vomiting. In the event of an accident in which vomiting occurs, it should be buried immediately. Vomiting attracts a variety of animals.

There is no doubt that the best way to keep the places we recreate clean and beautiful is to dispose of the waste properly.

-Jason Di Martin

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